critical period hypothesis

the hypothesis claims that there is an ideal ‘window’ of time (a critical period) to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which further language acquisition becomes much more difficult and effortful. [3] detractors of the “critical period hypothesis” point out that in this example and others like it (see feral children), the child is hardly growing up in a nurturing environment, and that the lack of language acquisition in later life may be due to the results of a generally abusive environment rather than being specifically due to a lack of exposure to language. research explores these ideas and hypotheses, but results are varied: some demonstrate pre-pubescent children acquire language easily, and some that older learners have the advantage, whilst others focus on existence of a cp for sla. their study thus provides direct evidence for language learning ability decreasing with age, but it does not add to lenneberg’s cp hypothesis as even the oldest children, the ‘late learners’, were exposed to asl by age four, and had therefore not reached puberty, the proposed end of the cp. other factors include the cognitive maturity of most l2 learners, that they have different motivation for learning the language, and already speak one language fluently.

piaget assumes language acquisition is part of this complex cognitive development, and that these developmental phases are the basis for an optimal period for language acquisition in childhood. though sla is often viewed as part of applied linguistics, it is typically concerned with the language system and learning processes themselves, whereas applied linguistics may focus more on the experiences of the learner, particularly in the classroom. this affects how words are later represented in their lexicons, highlighting this as a decisive period in language acquisition and showing that initial language exposure shapes linguistic processing for life. this corresponds to noam chomsky’s ug theory, which states that while language acquisition principles are still active, it is easy to learn a language, and the principles developed through l1 acquisition are vital for learning an l2. the acquisition of a second language in early childhood broadens the children’s minds and enriches them more than it harms them. however, while arguing that language itself is adaptive and “did not ‘just happen’” (p.172), hurford suggests that the critical period is not an adaptation, but rather a constraint on language that emerged due to a lack of selection pressures that reinforce acquiring more than one language.

the critical period hypothesis or sensitive period hypothesis claims that there is an ideal time window of brain development to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which further language acquisition becomes much more difficult and effortful. the critical period hypothesis or sensitive period hypothesis claims that there is an ideal time window of brain development to acquire language in a in second language acquisition research, the critical period hypothesis (cph) holds that the function between learners’ age and their susceptibility to the critical period hypothesis (cph) holds that there is a critical time period for a person to learn a new language with native proficiency., critical period for language acquisition, critical period for language acquisition, what is the critical period for language acquisition quizlet, lenneberg theory of language acquisition, critical period for second language acquisition.

the critical period hypothesis says that there is a period of growth in which full native competence is possible when acquiring a language. the ‘critical period hypothesis’ (cph) is a particularly relevant case in point. this is the claim that there is, indeed, an optimal period proposed by wilder penfield and lamar roberts in 1959, the critical period hypothesis (cph) argues that there is a specific period of time in which people can, critical period for language acquisition age.

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